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How do Plasma Cutters Work?

Many types of lasers and other types of cutting tools can be used in production processes. A plasma cutter is a type of equipment that uses an electrically conductive gas; the ionization of gases creates free electrons and positive ions amongst the gas atoms. The gas then becomes electrically conductive and can carry a current, so it will become plasma. This is the basic premise of plasma cutters and the technology and processes that they are built upon. The plasma cutter itself uses this ionized gas at a very high temperature, so it will melt and cut metals if they are electrically conductive. This works by the plasma arc melting the metal – the gas then remove the molten materials so that a clean, neat cut is achieved.

This is the science behind a plasma cutter. What you really need to know is that they will help in cutting and severing metals, very quickly, neatly and efficiently. For this reason, they are used in many construction processes and can really speed them up, making them more efficient, better managed and more cost effective for businesses to run.

How does the plasma cutting process work and what do you need to know before considering it?

Many businesses that want to bring processes in house might consider technology such as lasers and plasma cutters. This is what you need to know about the process of using a plasma cutting machine:

  • Melting and cutting metals of different thicknesses is the main process carried out by a plasma cutter
  • Different metals that can be cut include steel, brass, iron, aluminium and copper
  • The plasma machine can be used to make efficient cuts through metal – though this is actually a melting process, but it will happen quickly and efficiently

You’ll be able to get speedy cutting, regardless of the thickness of the metal or the type. Precision is key: even if you are cutting to an unusual shape or cutting around a difficult angle, it will be possible with a plasma cutter. There are also machines that will use fibre lasers and plasma together. Planetary gears and a low-seated gantry are common with this, as well as an automatic shuttle table. This might be more suited to a large business where power and performance are essential.

Different types of plasma cutters

There are different types of plasma cutter available from laser suppliers. You will be able to specify your requirements and make sure the plasma cutter you’re considering will meet your needs. Discuss this with the supplier to make sure you’re going to get the most out of your machine, and it will be suitable for your processes and output. Some companies will also offer smaller, more compact types of plasma cutter. They are perfect for middle-sized industries, and heavy metalworking companies, giving more flexibility when purchasing plasma cutters for all purposes. Whatever your needs, as specialist supplier of laser machines and plasma cutting technology will help you arrive at the correct conclusions, so you have the right machines to hand.