Author: Andy

Fully Automated Control Processes And Flow Technology

Fully automated control processes are the systems that operate the functional aspects of a technology process. This can be a production or engineering process, in these instances the control processes often have some kind of automation.

Using an engineering example, a lot of different tanks, valves, pumps, separators, boosters and some other devices, are connected usually by pipes or conveyor belts. Some flows of different substances pass through them while the properties of these substances undergo numerous changes. This is what is known as flow technology, and this flow technology is controlled using an automated control process. Its stressed that only big plants which have a lot of types of technological equipment have the most complicated control processes.

Flow technologies such as this are used extensively in oil and gas industries, chemistry, power engineering  hydrometallurgy and in other types of heavy industries, manufactures and processing plants.

The Rewards In Problems

In the last post we looked at problem solving and how it can be approached in a practical way. This post looks at making use of problems, and how they can often hold rewards.

For a problem to exist there must be some kind of difficulty in a process it is related to. In other words, something must have gone wrong for there to be a problem. It is important to understand this, because to make use of the problem a perception of more than the problem itself is needed.

In knowing this, when the problem is solved the other processes it is connected to are also effected. So to make the most of the problem, look at the other parts that are effected when dealing with the problem. In doing so you will be able to see a greater effect of your effort to solve the problem, and in turn, reap a greater reward.


How To Solve Problems

The age old human endeavour, solving problems is an ability and a burden for the human race. Ever since we faced adversity, either from others, from the world or from creatures, solving problems has been a necessity for our species.

But how exactly do we solve a problem? Are all problems solved in the same way?

It is inevitable when living life that there will be problems that come up. Because of this frequency, they have been well documented and well remembered. Using these metal and physical records is a primary way of solving a problem.

While each problem is different, the method of solving them remains the same each time. It is possible to approach each problem the same way using this problem solving method.

Define > Assess > Decide > Implement > Evaluate

This is a template that can be applied to all problems. Of course, each problem will have its variations, and this template is more of a guide than a definite solution. However, following the steps at least roughly will bring you to a resolution.

Modern Diamond Crafting Methods

Crafting a diamond to a high standard is a task that requires great craftsmanship. Many diamonds begin as rough stones, and it is the detailed marking and cutting techniques that makes them the desirable, world-renown items.


When crafting a diamond the first step is the marking stage. Once a full examination of each rough diamond has been carried out, the stone is marked to decide how it should be cut to yield the greatest value. It is at this stage, the shape of the rough diamond and the number and location of imperfections must be considered.

The marker or planner must determine the direction of the cleavage (or grain) in the diamond. Due to the diamond’s atomic structure, it can be cleaved in four directions parallel to the octahedron crystal faces.

After the marking is completed the diamond moves onto several other stages; beginning with cleaving and cutting and eventually ending with the final finishing.

How Does a Battery Work

We use batteries for a great many purposes. Portable sources of energy that can power anything from a mobile phone to a mobile crane. But how do these power sources work, and what are the functions inside?

Most batteries contain three basic parts. Electrodes, an electrolyte and a separator. Within every battery are two electrodes, both of which are made of conductive material.

One electrode, known as the cathode, connects to the positive end of the battery and is where the electrical current leaves (or electrons enter) the battery during discharge, which is when the battery is being used to power something.

The other electrode, known as the anode, connects to the negative end of the battery and is where the electrical current enters (or electrons leave) the battery during discharge.

A series of chemical reactions occur in the electrodes. These are collectively known as oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions. These reactions result in the flow of ions between the anode and the cathode.

Solar Panels and How They Work

Used by people the world over. Solar panels are an energy technology that looks to bring power to many of us for the foreseeable future. But one thing that is less known about them, is just how they work.

To understand this, it’s important to know how energy from the sun arrives at planet earth.

Energy travels the 93 million miles from the Sun in approximately 8 minutes, arriving in the form of light and heat of varying wavelengths. This sunlight can be converted into electricity by the use of photovoltaic cells that collect the energy.

When the sun strikes the molecules in photovoltaic cells it knocks electrons loose that generate electricity as they flow through it. This process does not require bright sunshine and hot conditions, which means that a more temperate climate is just as good for producing electricity from a solar array as hotter climates.